Factors impacting the inclusion of vulnerable households in renewable energy communities and the mitigation of energy poverty
The unequal distribution of costs and benefits of the energy transition is a challenge for energy justice and energy policy. Although the empowerment of consumers to participate in renewable energy communities (RECs) has great potential for a just energy transition, vulnerable consumers remain underrepresented in RE projects. The recast of the European renewable energy directive obliges the European Member States to facilitate the participation of vulnerable consumers and support their inclusion in its “enabling framework” for prosumership. However, the type and specific design of corresponding measures remains unclear. Against this background this dissertation investigates consumer empowerment in a vulnerability context. In particular we stress the need to understand how vulnerability affects participation in RECs to inform both policy makers and practitioners on its specificities and restrictions for the “enabling framework”. To prevent the inclusion of vulnerable consumers in RECs from remaining an idea on paper lawmakers need to be made aware of the implications for a consistent “enabling framework”.
- Energy Justice
- Energy Poverty
- Inclusion in the Energy Transition
B. in Economics and International Business, HWR Berlin (2012-2016)
MA. In European Studies (Economics), Europa Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder) (2016-2019)
Lowitzsch, Jens, and Florian Hanke. ‘Renewable Energy Cooperatives’. In Energy Transition: Financing Consumer Co-Ownership in Renewables, edited by Jens Lowitzsch, 139–62. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93518-8_7.
Lowitzsch, Jens, and Florian Hanke. ‘Consumer (Co-)Ownership in Renewables, Energy Efficiency and the Fight Against Energy Poverty – a Dilemma of Energy Transitions’. Claeys & Casteels Law Publishers BV 9, no. 3 (2019): 5–21.
Hanke, Florian, and Jens Lowitzsch. ‘Empowering Vulnerable Consumers to Join Renewable Energy Communities—Towards an Inclusive Design of the Clean Energy Package’. Energies 13, no. 7 (2 April 2020): 1615. https://doi.org/10/ggtb5w.
Cost Action – Engager Energy Poverty Action
European Right to Energy Coalition